Monday, 21 April 2014

War Memorial Gravestones in Carlton Cemetery

During both the First and Second World Wars re-repatriation of the bodies of fallen servicemen and women was not usual.  The Unknown Soldier, entombed in Westminster Abbey represents those buried and commemorated overseas who could not come home.  For many families, deprived of a graveside at which to mourn, one solution was to add the name of their lost son (or daughter) to the family gravestone in their local churchyard.  

The Imperial War Museum's War Memorials' Archive defines a War Memorial as "any tangible object which has been erected or dedicated to commemorate those killed as a result of war, conflict or peacekeeping; who served in war or conflict; or who died whilst engaged in military service."  This includes gravestones which commemorate a casualty buried elsewhere.  There must be a clear statement on the memorial (or in a printed document such as a newspaper report from the time) that defines the commemorative purpose of the feature and reports its erection. The full wording of their definition can be found here.

Thus gravestones which include wording such as: died of wounds received in action, killed in action, fell in France, died on active service, reported missing in action, or even killed accidentally while on active service all count as War Memorials.  The wording is a "clear statement" that the purpose of recording that person's name on the gravestone is as a memorial.

Graves which are situated on the site of the burial of a casualty, such as Commonwealth War Graves, are not War Memorials, however the Barnsley War Memorials Project is also collecting their details for inclusion in the Barnsley Roll of Honour.

Carlton Cemetery contains two Commonwealth War Graves. 

In the list below, where the name is blue click to follow the link to a page with a larger photograph and more information.

 Gravestone Location
Section Row No.
Soldier's Name & Regiment
Date of Death
Photograph
*
Kings Own Scottish Borderers

16 May 1917
*
William Owen
RNVR

June 1942
*
Samuel Johnson
HMS Argon

23 October 1918
*
Herbert Turton
RNVR

 21 August 1918
*
Leonard Hall
1/5 York & Lancs

7 July 1916
*
George Edward Kilner
13th York & Lancs

30 March 1918
*
Harry Ferris
1/5 York & Lancs

7 July 1916
*
Wilfred Grove
KOYLI

8 May 1942

BWMP #CRL02

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